Constructivism Movement and Its History: Modern World Art

Constructivism is an art movement that emerged in the 1910s and influenced the entire world. In this article, we will take a closer look at constructivism as a modern and industrial art movement.

Constructivism art movement emerged at the beginning of the 20th century in Russia and has become highly active. This movement aimed to synthesize machine and human consciousness and it is the product of artists who tried to create different styles with usable and beneficial materials.

This movement that wants to shape industrial materials adopted modern techniques and innovative compositions. Constructivism artists advocated for science in art and materialistic attitude, and marked an age.

In this article, we will take a look at Constructivism Ecole emerged in the 20th century and we will help you to know this movement more closely. If you are ready, let’s set our course towards Russia.

What Is Constructivism Art Movement?

Constructivism is a movement born in Russia and gained international fame in areas such as painting, sculpture, photography, design and architecture. This movement was influenced by cubism and futurism, and the first examples are the three-dimensional geometric works on relief of the architect and sculptor, Vladimir Tatlin.

This movement has reached a wide audience with the influence of Russian evolution and tried to create “constructivist” works by combining industrial images and geometric compositions. This movement developed after the World War I. The movement played an important role in the reconstruction of society and used art as a social exchange tool.

The term constructivism was coined by the painter Kazimir Malevich based on avant-garde works of the sculptor, photographer and designer Aleksander Rodchenko. Over time, this movement grew further and spread across graphic design products, logos, posters, book covers and advertisement; a constructivism trend was created around the world.

Constructivism: Art Movement That Leaves a Mark

Constructivism movement is important due to its groundbreaking manifesto in the design world. Constructivism movement that emerged in Russia was inspired by the new machine age and industrialism, just like Bauhaus Art Movement that followed it and changed everything.

Each movement has abstract and geometric designs that emphasize functionality. This movement emerged as a sub-branch of an abstract form of art and was especially inspired by the cubist works of Pablo Picasso. Three-dimensional scrap material still life paintings of Picasso were inspiring for this movement.

Additionally, constructivists believed that art should be the reflection of the modern industrial world. Accordingly, object and materials should be emphasized rather than aesthetic qualities. This means this art movement can be expressed as re-organizing materials with technical mastery.

Important Representatives of Constructivism Movement

Let’s talk about some important constructivists who created a pioneering movement with the industrial, abstract and modern industrial perspective of today:

Vladimir Tatlin: Russian artists became an iconic figure at the beginning of the 20th century and he is one of the well-known figures. Especially, he is known for his “Monument of the Third International” (Tatlin’s Tower).

El Lissitzky: The artist used primary colors to create strong political expressions and slogans, and built his career on social and political change. He regarded graphic design, banners, books and architecture as tools to reach to the audience.

The majority of his designs and works are unfiltered political messages. Although the works of El Lissitzky are abstract and theoretical, he follows painter Kazimir Malevich and reflects this in his paintings.

Alexander Rodchenko: He is one of the pioneers and well-known figures of the constructivism art movement. Since works of Rodchenko reflect Constructivism in different fields of art, these works are referred to as Gesamtkunstwerk.

Naum Gabo: He is one of the artists who created the constructivism manifesto. He said that art must express the nature of space and time. He created sculptures with dynamic and geometric shapes, abstract paintings, decoration products and architectural projects.

07.02.2020 - Culture and Art