Pop Art Movement and History: A Colorful World

Pop Art is an art movement that emerged in the 1950s and influenced the entire world. In this article, we are opening the doors to a colorful world and we are analyzing pop art movement.

“Pop art” art movement that emerged in Europe and the US in the 1960s and spread to the whole world is one of the most discussed concepts of our age. “Pop art”, which is the abbreviation of popular art, is a movement that everyone is interested in due to its colorful and vivid look.

In this article, we will analyze the pop art movement that influenced various disciplines from literature to cinema, and we will look at the history of this movement. If you are ready to dive into a colorful world, let’s begin.

The Emergence of The Pop Art Term

Pop Art term was first used by the famous British art critic and curator Lawrence Alloway in 1958. Alloway used this term to define popular culture products in his “Art and Mass Communication” article in Architectural Design journal.

Later, Alloway wanted to evaluate artists that use popular culture elements in the fine arts field under this title in order to expand the scope of this concept.

Artists who want to get away from Abstract Expressionism, which was one of the leading art movements of that period, and who were interested in popular culture themes started to draw attention to this concept.

What Are the General Properties of Pop Art?

Konrad Klapheck’s typewriter painting and Richard Hamilton’s “Hommage à Chrysler Corp.” (Tribute to Chrysler Corp.) for the world-famous automotive company Chrysler are among the first works of art with popular art symbols.

Pop art movement that draws attention among art movements between 1960-1970 and influenced the artistic world managed to reach a wide audience. Emerging against mechanization, this movement tried to reflect the difference between the real and the image.

The most important and unchanging principle of this art movement is glorifying the creative side of the painting act. Artists would not decide what the painting will express before starting to paint.

Artists who approached the aesthetics of comics in an artistic dimension expressed themselves with painting, sculpture, cinema and landscape. They used everyday objects, mass media, advertisements, famous television and movie stars as their themes. Bright tones and colors in the works were the characteristic property of this art movement.

Pop Art in America: Can and Hamburger Images

Popular art phenomenon especially turned into a mass movement in America. The main reason for that was the high number of mass communication tools such as television, radio, newspaper and magazines. Young artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Rosenquist, Dine and C. Oldenburg, who are among the first names that come into mind when we talk about pop art artists, successfully used these communication tools and spread their art to a wider audience.

Cigarette packs, cans, Coca Cola bottles, hamburgers, different foods and beverages have become indispensable images of this movement. Therefore, pop art culture has gained an artistic meaning in everyday objects of American society.

Unusual and Fun Having

spread to the entire world from 1960s until today, this art movement is accepted by large masses. Pop art movement that is different than the classical and ordinary and that creates a different impact with colorful structure left deep marks especially on generations linked with industry and technology.

Although some art historians and critics regard this art movement and art form as superficial, pop art had the chance to reach a wider audience than any other art movement in the history and it is still impacting our world.

30.12.2019 - Culture and Art
art, culture