What is Baroque Architecture: Iconic and Famous Buildings

We have reviewed the baroque architecture that left its important mark on a certain time period of history.

Baroque architecture movement has become popular between the 16th and 18th centuries and spread all over the world. This period was quite magnificent in terms of architecture and we can especially see the baroque style in palaces’ architectures.

Today, its influence is still to be seen in many European cities. This movement didn’t only influence the architecture, but music and other fine arts as well. Countries such as Italy, France, and Germany are the most important centers of baroque art.

In this article, we will inform you about "What is Baroque architecture?". We will answer this question and explain the characteristics of the baroque period. We will also talk about the iconic baroque structures. If you are ready let's start and list these historical beauties.

Characteristics of the Baroque Period: Splendor and Aesthetics Together

The term baroque means "irregular pearl" in Portuguese. This term started to be used in Europe in a way that means “extreme, unusual and abnormal”. The critics of the period also adopted the term with this meaning.

The artists of this period planned the splendor, size, and exaggeration to reflect the uniqueness of the kingdoms. Among the architectural characteristics of the period were ornamental fountains, large courtyards and gardens, decorated walls and the use of mythological figures.

In Baroque architecture, we see lengthwise rectangular structures in which dramatic facades are seen as a whole, instead of the centrally planned building style of the Renaissance. Curved, wavy and twisted lines replace the straight lines which were another characteristic of Renaissance architecture. Oval shapes dominate the windows. Light and shadow are used expertly.

Baroque architects, who created magnificent buildings, were working on them as if working on a sculpture. Let's take a look at the famous examples of baroque architecture in Europe.

● Palace of Versailles - France

Palace of Versailles


We can say that the Palace of Versailles is the most unique and spectacular example of baroque architecture. The Versailles Peace Treaty, which ended the First World War, was signed here and this also adds another historical value to this palace.

The projects of the buildings in the Palace of Versailles were designed by Louis La Vau and Jules Hardouin-Mansart, interior decoration was created by Charles le Brun, and the gardens by the great landscape architect Andre Le Notre. The garden and courtyard of the palace are considered as one of the symbols of Paris, that’s why they are especially worth seeing. Versailles Palace, which was the heart of the Kingdom of France until the French Revolution, is used as a museum today and millions of travelers flock here every year.

● Residence Würzburg - Germany

Rezidans Wurzburg

Residence Würzburg, which was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981, is one of the first structures that come to mind about baroque architecture. Its construction was started in 1719 and completed towards 1780. Residence Würzburg is spectacular with its large garden and huge fresco on its ceiling. The building is located in Würzburg, Germany, and takes its name from here.

● Trevi Fountain - Italy

The famous Fountain of Love, located in Rome, has Poseidon, Demeter and Hygieia sculptures, on the right, on the left and in the middle, respectively. As an example of baroque architecture, the fountain has been featured in books, movies, and stories.

The construction of the Fountain of Love, one of the indispensable stops of holidays in Rome, started in 1732 and the structure was completed in about 20 years. Visitors who come to see the fountain, which is one of the first symbols that come to mind about the city of Rome, don’t forget to toss a coin into the fountain.

● Royal Palace of Madrid - Spain

Royal Palace of Madrid

The Royal Palace in Madrid belongs to the Spanish Royal Family. It was built in times when the monarchy, which now has a symbolic meaning in today's Spain, was strong. The palace has a worldwide reputation.

The Madrid Royal Palace, which is the largest palace in Europe, has a magnificent interior decoration as one of the most distinctive characteristics of baroque architecture. Inside, it is also possible to see the famous works of iconic painters such as Goya and Caravaggio.

● Blenheim Palace - England

Blenheim Palace


Blenheim Palace, considered one of the masterpieces of Baroque architecture, is a building located in the Oxfordshire region of England. Its reputation is not only architectural because it is also the palace where the politician Winston Churchill was born and grew up.

The paintings and photographs inside, contain sections from Churchill's life. This building, which sheds light on history, has a breathtaking and magnificent beauty.

19.03.2020 - Design and Architecture