What Is Futurism and Futuristic Architecture: Groundbreaking Structures Around the World

Futurism is one of the trending concepts in this age. We have analyzed this art movement that influences modern urban life and its reflections in the architecture, and we have looked at the futuristic structure around the world.

The futurist movement that emerged at the beginning of the 20th century is an important phenomenon that influenced and changed many areas in literature, visual arts and design. This concept that we frequently encounter in our era is one of the indispensable elements in our lives.

In this article, we will analyze the futurism concept that is linked with technology and science, and we will look at inspirational futuristic architecture examples around the world. Are you ready to glance at the futuristic structures with dynamic and mobile forms, on contrary to simple and lean designs? Of course, let’s first talk about how futurism emerged.

What Is Futurism?

The word futurism comes from Latin “futur” or “futura”. This movement which was first used by Italian poet Flippo Tommaso Marinetti in the 1900s and emerged in painting, sculpture and literature fields in Italy tries to simultaneously express the impressions of the past, present and future.

Futurism philosophy intrinsically emerged as a protest art movement. This movement that scrutinizes everything about the future in a sociologic, psychologic, ecologic and technologic sense is also a discipline. The aim of this discipline is to create a sustainable and innovative future in terms of humanity. Well-known futurist artists include Giacomo Balla, Umberto Boccioni, David Burliuk, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Ardengo Soffici.

This movement is visible in architecture and design fields through modern cities that concretize the power of the technology.

Properties of Futurist Architecture: Dynamic Structures

One of the main properties of futurist architecture is the flow and movement in the design. Before the futurist movement, designs had lean lines and square or rectangular forms. Futurism included unique angles, oval lines, sharp edges, triangles and domes in the structures.

This approach that takes structural elements from the environment emphasizes an impression sustaining the continuity of the structures with its dynamic forms. Adopting technological developments aesthetically, this movement uses glass elevators, metal components and mechanical elements. Let’s see some of the attractive futurism examples around the world.

1. Guggenheim Museum

Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain is one of the most iconic structures of contemporary architecture. As one of the largest museums in Spain, this structure belongs to the Guggenheim Foundation. This museum is an inspiration to other similar structures around the world with its deconstructivism style and it is highly valuable in artistic terms.

2. Cybertecture Egg

Cybertecture Egg (Cyber Smart Egg) is in Mumbai, India. This structure designed by world-famous architect James Law is similar to a self-sufficient organism. Looking like an egg, this building has attractive design properties such as sky gardens, PV solar panel farms, smart glass façade and water recycling systems.

This structure inspired from themes such as ecosystem and development of life is a design and innovation legend.

3. Kunsthaus Graz

Kunsthaus Graz (Graz Art Museum) in Graz, Austria has a structure completely different than regular museum designs. This structure with a highly heterodox structure against traditional Graz architecture is referred to as “a friendly alien”.

This art museum, which attracts attention with different constructional materials and groundbreaking form, shines with an innovative style referred to as a stigmatized architecture at the city center. This giant building has an organic design constructed from reflective blue acrylic panels.

4. Futuroscope

Futuroscope or Parc du Futuroscope is an entertainment park in Poitiers, France based on multi-media, audio-visual techniques and cinematography. This thematic park that ignites the inspiration takes the visitors to fantastic worlds.

The slogan of this park, which was established in 1987, is “taming the future”. This ambitious attitude is emphasized through the architecture of the park and the park is designed with bizarre-shaped structures in forms of crystal, cube or laid tubes that seem to pop up from the ground.

5. Galaxy Soho

Galaxy Soho in Beijing, the capital of China, was built between 2009-2012. Designed by the world-famous architect Zaha Hadid, this structure was inspired from “infinite folds” in its creation.

As one of the symbols of China, this building is actually an entertainment and shopping center. Galaxy Soho, which covers 330 thousand square meter area, looks like spaceports from Sci-Fi movies. Fluid bridges and corridors of this structure make the visitors feel like they are walking in space.

02.01.2020 - Design and Architecture